An act of parliament that provides the core framework of police powers to combat crime and provide codes of practice for the exercise of these powers.
Leads and manages the development of the police service in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
The body that represents the interests of all police constables, sergeants, and inspectors.
Department within a police force that deals with complaints and conduct matters.
The average is calculated using the individual results of the forces in that most similar force group.
An investigation carried out by IPCC staff.
Carried out by the police under their own direction and control. The IPCC sets the terms of reference and receives the investigation report when it is complete. Complainants have a right of appeal following a supervised investigation (unless it is an investigation into a direction and control matter).
This act sets out how the police complaints system operates.
How a police force is run, for example policing standards or policing policy.
An investigation carried out by the police under the direction and control of the IPCC.
An intelligence-led agency with law enforcement powers, it is also responsible for reducing the harm that is caused to people and communities by serious organised crime.

The appropriate authority can be:

  • the chief officer of the police force
  • the Police and Crime Commissioner responsible for the police force you complained about
  • the Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime (if your complaint is about the Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police Service)
  • the Common Council for the City of London (if your complaint is about the Commissioner of the City of London police).
Investigations carried out entirely by the police. Complainants have a right of appeal following a local investigation (unless it is an investigation into a direction and control matter).
A person is adversely affected is he or she suffers any form of loss or damage, distress or inconvenience, if he or she is put in danger or is otherwise unduly put at risk of being adversely affected.
IPCC guidance to the police service and police authorities on the handling of complaints.
Parameters within which an investigation is conducted.
This could be the Police and Crime Commissioner, the Common Council for the City of London, or the Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime.
A flexible process for dealing with complaints that can be adapted to the needs of the complainant. It may involve, for example, providing information and explanation, an apology, or a meeting between the complainant and the officer complained about.
Consists of a chair, two deputy chairs, and commissioners – each responsible for specific police forces, guardianship work and individual cases.
Disapplication means that a police force may handle a complaint in whatever manner it thinks fit, including not dealing with it under complaints legislation. This may only take place in certain limited circumstances where the complaint fits one or more of the grounds for disapplication set out in law.
The ending of an ongoing investigation into a complaint, conduct matter or DSI matter. An investigation may only be discontinued if it meets one or more of the grounds for discontinuance set out in law.
Used to house anyone who has been detained.
Complainants have the right to appeal to the IPCC if a police force did not record their complaint or notify the correct police force if it was made originally to the wrong force.
The purpose of an investigation is to establish the facts behind a complaint, conduct matter, or DSI matter; and reach conclusions. An investigator looks into a complaint and produces a report that details the outcome of each allegation. There are four types of investigation: local investigation, supervised investigation, managed investigation and independent investigation.
A person who makes a complaint about the conduct of someone serving with the police.
The type of behaviour being complained about. A single complaint case can have one or many allegations attached.
An independent judicial officer, the coroner enquires into deaths reported to him/her.
A record is made of a complaint, giving it formal status as a complaint under the Police Reform Act 2002.
No further action may be taken with regard to a complaint if the complainant decides to retract their allegation(s).
Casework involves assessing appeals. Casework staff also have a role in overseeing the police complaints system to help ensure police forces handle complaints in the best possible way.
The IPCC must be notified about specific types of complaint or incidents to be able to decide how they should be dealt with.
Conduct includes acts, omissions, statements and decisions (whether actual, alleged or inferred). For example: language used and the manner or tone of communications.
An application by a complainant for a police decision to be reviewed.

Metropolitan Police Sikh Association inquiry concluded

Jun 12, 2008

The inquiry into allegations made against former committee members of the Metropolitan Police Sikh Association (MPSA) has concluded that there is no criminal or misconduct case to consider.

The investigation began in October 2007 and was carried out by the Metropolitan Police Service's Directorate of Professional Services under the management and control of the Independent Police Complaints Commission. The Metropolitan Police Service commissioned an independent financial audit.

IPCC Commissioner Nicola Williams said: " While no criminal or misconduct charges will be brought in this case, the inquiry found that: financial reporting and accounting were weak; ticket sales for social events inconsistently recorded and lack of information kept about sales or monies banked; and funds raised for charity were not passed to the organisations concerned."

Investigative conclusions

The inquiry found no evidence that funds collected for - and not paid to charity - were misappropriated. It also found that these funds had not been used to balance the books inappropriately. In 2006 no payments were made, this includes cheques that were addressed to the charity. It is not clear why this was not done, however this appears indicative of a lack of professional capability for dealing with these accounting procedures and a lack of effective oversight in this system.

The allegations of unspecified favours gained through the provision of a catering contract for social events are unsubstantiated. Despite the lack of an invoice for catering services, the £6,000 payment does match the payments required for catering services supplied. The lack of this invoice is not a criminal or misconduct matter. It is further evidence of poor governance and accounting systems within the association.

There is no evidence of misuse of mobile phones supplied for the association's business and documentation examined by the investigation showed the justification for a trip to New York.

The analysis of the accounts was highly critical of the accounting processes used by the MPSA to compile and reconcile their accounts. The association's governance of its accounting process was shown as weak. The documents provided to the independent accountants were as complete as those held by the investigation. There were no ledgers showing the income and expenditure of the association. The accountants identified that a single accounting process should be used consistently in the preparation of financial accounts.

It is unclear what financial training, if any, may have been provided to those with responsibility for financial matters. Given these circumstances the investigation concludes that there has been a failure to record the financial transactions of the association. However, the evidence does not substantiate criminal or misconduct charges.

Recommendations

IPCC Commissioner Nicola Williams has recommended that:

No criminal or misconduct charges will be brought in this case.

Attempts should be made to resolve the differences between the groups within the MPSA. It is suggested that mediation be used, utilising a prominent figure from the Sikh community who is respected by both sides. (Nicola Williams has had a meeting with this individual, who is willing to carry it out.)

It is proposed by the accountants that future appointments to any role with financial responsibility within the association should be role specific emphasising the need for previous financial experience.

A review of all MPS staff association treasurers should be completed and their financial experience assessed. New and incumbent staff association treasurers should be provided with the relevant financial training to allow the proper completion of accounts using the cash accounting system.

Funds collected from members during association events in 2005 and 2006 for charity should be paid immediately.

Organisational learning

This investigation has raised a number of concerns regarding the running and oversight of associations within the MPS. The investigation has highlighted the need to balance the independence of associations and an awareness that association members represent the MPS to communities and therefore can provide a positive or negative image of the organisation. The following points are considered for implementation.

A forum should be established where treasurers of the associations can exchange best practice and ensure uniformity in financial record keeping.

The management of accounts has been a central feature of this inquiry. The constitutions of the associations clearly state that there should be an audit of accounts annually. This was not completed in 2005 or 2006 by the MPSA. Associations should be required to provide evidence of this audit to a central point. This will provide an oversight of levels of compliance by the associations and early warning of problems within the associations.

As the role of treasurer is key to the financial rigour of the association, all treasurers should be offered basic training in the cash accounting method. Records of this training should be kept centrally.

Nicola Williams said: "Associations such as the MPSA can play an important role in the police service, both as a representative forum and also socially. They have the potential to benefit their members and the service greatly but they must be well run. I would urge all associations to consider the recommendations in the Directorate of Professional Standards' report very carefully."

Notes for editors

The IPCC has overall responsibility for the police complaints system. Since April 2006 it has taken on responsibility for similar, serious complaints against HM Revenue and Customs and the Serious Organised Crime Agency in England and Wales. The IPCC's jurisdiction was extended in 2008 to cover UK Border Agency staff exercising police-like powers.

The IPCC has the task of increasing public confidence in the complaint systems and aims to make investigations more open, timely, proportionate and fair.

The 15 Commissioners who run the IPCC guarantee its independence and by law can never have served as police officers. No Commissioner has worked for HM Revenue and Customs. They are supported by more than 100 independent IPCC investigators plus casework managers and other specialists.

Since April 1 2004 the IPCC has used its powers to begin 225 independent and 619 managed investigations into the most serious complaints against the police and other agencies. It has set new standards for police forces to improve the way the public's complaints are handled. The Commission also handles appeals by the public about the way their complaint was dealt with by the local force.

The IPCC is committed to getting closer to the communities it serves. Its Commissioners and staff are based in IPCC regional offices in Cardiff, Coalville, London and Sale plus a sub office in Wakefield.

The IPCC web site is constantly updated at www.ipcc.gov.uk or members of the public can contact the IPCC on 08453 002 002.

For further information please contact:
Richard Offer, Head of Media
Tel: 020 7166 3214
Fax: 020 7166 3514
Mob 07710 381890
Journalists only out of hours: 07717 851 157
Email: richard.offer@ipcc.gsi.gov.uk

An act of parliament that provides the core framework of police powers to combat crime and provide codes of practice for the exercise of these powers.
Leads and manages the development of the police service in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
The body that represents the interests of all police constables, sergeants, and inspectors.
Department within a police force that deals with complaints and conduct matters.
The average is calculated using the individual results of the forces in that most similar force group.
An investigation carried out by IPCC staff.
Carried out by the police under their own direction and control. The IPCC sets the terms of reference and receives the investigation report when it is complete. Complainants have a right of appeal following a supervised investigation (unless it is an investigation into a direction and control matter).
This act sets out how the police complaints system operates.
How a police force is run, for example policing standards or policing policy.
An investigation carried out by the police under the direction and control of the IPCC.
An intelligence-led agency with law enforcement powers, it is also responsible for reducing the harm that is caused to people and communities by serious organised crime.

The appropriate authority can be:

  • the chief officer of the police force
  • the Police and Crime Commissioner responsible for the police force you complained about
  • the Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime (if your complaint is about the Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police Service)
  • the Common Council for the City of London (if your complaint is about the Commissioner of the City of London police).
Investigations carried out entirely by the police. Complainants have a right of appeal following a local investigation (unless it is an investigation into a direction and control matter).
A person is adversely affected is he or she suffers any form of loss or damage, distress or inconvenience, if he or she is put in danger or is otherwise unduly put at risk of being adversely affected.
IPCC guidance to the police service and police authorities on the handling of complaints.
Parameters within which an investigation is conducted.
This could be the Police and Crime Commissioner, the Common Council for the City of London, or the Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime.
A flexible process for dealing with complaints that can be adapted to the needs of the complainant. It may involve, for example, providing information and explanation, an apology, or a meeting between the complainant and the officer complained about.
Consists of a chair, two deputy chairs, and commissioners – each responsible for specific police forces, guardianship work and individual cases.
Disapplication means that a police force may handle a complaint in whatever manner it thinks fit, including not dealing with it under complaints legislation. This may only take place in certain limited circumstances where the complaint fits one or more of the grounds for disapplication set out in law.
The ending of an ongoing investigation into a complaint, conduct matter or DSI matter. An investigation may only be discontinued if it meets one or more of the grounds for discontinuance set out in law.
Used to house anyone who has been detained.
Complainants have the right to appeal to the IPCC if a police force did not record their complaint or notify the correct police force if it was made originally to the wrong force.
The purpose of an investigation is to establish the facts behind a complaint, conduct matter, or DSI matter; and reach conclusions. An investigator looks into a complaint and produces a report that details the outcome of each allegation. There are four types of investigation: local investigation, supervised investigation, managed investigation and independent investigation.
A person who makes a complaint about the conduct of someone serving with the police.
The type of behaviour being complained about. A single complaint case can have one or many allegations attached.
An independent judicial officer, the coroner enquires into deaths reported to him/her.
A record is made of a complaint, giving it formal status as a complaint under the Police Reform Act 2002.
No further action may be taken with regard to a complaint if the complainant decides to retract their allegation(s).
Casework involves assessing appeals. Casework staff also have a role in overseeing the police complaints system to help ensure police forces handle complaints in the best possible way.
The IPCC must be notified about specific types of complaint or incidents to be able to decide how they should be dealt with.
Conduct includes acts, omissions, statements and decisions (whether actual, alleged or inferred). For example: language used and the manner or tone of communications.
An application by a complainant for a police decision to be reviewed.