Deaths during or following police contact
These statistics provide details of the deaths reported on by the IPCC in each financial year, and also present figures on those suicides following release from police custody which were reported to the IPCC. Data can be updated annually, so please use the trend figures from the latest report.
Guidance and policies
- The guidance document provides information on how cases are collated and categorised for inclusion in the annual report and further detailed descriptions of the categories presented.
- In February 2012, following a recommendation from the National Statisticians review, the annual death report was assessed by the UK Statistics Authority and in July 2013 the Assessment Committee approved its designation as national statistics for the 2012/13 report and all subsequent releases.
- The Code of Practice for Official Statistics requires producers of statistical reports to publish a policies and statements document. This is a collection of policies which relate to the IPCC annual death report, including information on our user engagement strategy, quality assurance, pre-release access and managing revisions to the data presented in the report.
- Information on key users of the data and how it has been used can be found in the user engagement feedback document. If you wish to leave any feedback relating to the annual death report, please complete this short survey
Time series data 2004/05 to 2013/14
Time series tables (ODS format), these tables show data on gender, age and ethnicity of the deceased and the police force area by death category since 2004/05 to 2013/14. They are also available as a PDF.
- Statistics for England and Wales 2013/14
- ODS format - Data tables for 2013/14
- IPCC press release regarding 2013/14 statistics
IPCC Chair Dame Anne Owers talks about the findings from this year's report, including the lowest number of deaths in custody in a decade and how mental health disorders are present in a large number of deaths.
- Statistics for England and Wales 2012/13
- ODS format - Data tables for 2012/13
- IPCC press release regarding 2012/13 statistics
2004/05 to 2008/09
- Statistics for England and Wales 2008/09
- Statistics for England and Wales 2007/08
- Statistics for England and Wales 2006/07
- Statistics for England and Wales 2005/06
- Statistics for England and Wales 2004/05
If you have any questions or comments about the annual death report, please contact the Research Team - firstname.lastname@example.org.
Related IPCC research
Death in custody study - In 2010, the IPCC published an eleven-year study into deaths in or following police custody. The study looks at trends in the incidents, and examines a range of themes including risk assessment, restraint and mental health. The report identifies lessons that can be learnt and makes recommendations for police forces and the health service to improve practice in this area.
Near miss project - In 2007 the IPCC published the findings of its study of near misses in police custody: a collaborative study with Forensic Medical Examiners in London.
Related non-IPCC research
The PCA's study on The Role of Alcohol in Police-Related Deaths reviews 32 cases where alcoholic drinks played a part.
Conference report on reducing the risks of restraint deaths.
The appropriate authority can be:
- the chief officer of the police force
- the Police and Crime Commissioner responsible for the police force you complained about
- the Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime (if your complaint is about the Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police Service)
- the Common Council for the City of London (if your complaint is about the Commissioner of the City of London police).